Joseph Pilates, was born in Germany in 1883, was a frail sickly child suffering from many childhood illnesses. His determination to overcome these ailments led him to explore ways of improving and strengthening his health and body. Accomplishing this he went on to become an advanced gymnast, skier and diver.
During the latter part of the First World War, he served as an orderly in a hospital where he worked on wounded soldiers. He attached bed springs to the hospital beds to help support the patients' limbs, equipment now known as the 'Cadillac'. In the early 1920s, Joseph emigrated to the USA and then with his wife Clara, together they developed and taught his method in their 'body-conditioning gym' in New York.
Pilates and his wife went on to teach their method calling it 'Contrology" to other groups of teachers and students. He recognized the problems brought on by bad posture, poor breathing and lack of movement that lead to overall stagnate and poor health. Joseph created The Pilates Principles to target and condition the entire body, proper breathing, concentration, centering, control, precision and flow. The Pilates method is now being taught all over the world.